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About Hemp

What is Hemp?

An annual herbaceous plant, industrial hemp is a unique strain of Cannabis Sativa that has been specifically cultivated throughout history for many non-psychoactive purposes. Each part of the hemp plant is used in the production of a wide variety of goods ranging from fabrics and fibers to food and medicine.

Industrial hemp is often confused with its close cousin Marijuana. Though both are classified under the genus Cannabis, and have some similar physical properties, hemp and marijuana have notably different characteristics.

Hemp vs. Marijuana

Hemp

Hemp field

Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Cannabis
Species: Cannabis sativa
Appearance: average 5 metres (16 feet) tall
Mature Time: fibre in 60-90 days, grain in 110-150 days

Consumption of industrial hemp cannot get you high, as it is almost devoid of the cannabinoid called Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC. It has less than 0.3% THC concentration, which is 33x times less than marijuana. Due to this significantly lower level of THC, the consumption of hemp does not have any psychoactive effects.

Industrial hemp, on the other hand, is high in another cannabinoid called cannabidiol (CBD) which greatly benefits our endocannabinoid system.

Industrial hemp is less known today despite its long history and many uses. However, a recent growth in popularity, and changes in legislation, have motivated growth in the use of industrial hemp.

Products
Hemp has been used in the production of thousands of products including: paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, cosmetics, animal feed, and more. See all product categories.

Filtration
Aside from being used as a raw material for manufacturing various products, Hemp can be used to clear impurities out of wastewater. One extreme example is hemp is being used at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site to clean contaminants such as radioisotopes and other toxins from the soil, water, and air.

Crop Rotation
Hemp is excellent when used during crop rotation, because of its natural ability to overgrow and kill tough weeds. It grows tall and dense, thus blocking sunlight from reaching weeds below. Using hemp like this can help gain organic certification.

Marijuana

Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Cannabis
Species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis
Appearance: varies between species, average 16 feet, 4 feet, and 2 feet tall respectively
Mature Time: varies, average 90-120 days

 

The major differences between hemp and marijuana are their appearance and the amount of THC. Marijuana has a THC concentration ranging from 10%-30%. THC is the psychoactive chemical responsible for getting high. 

Marijuana is widely known for its use as a psychoactive recreational drug, and it’s medicinal uses.  When consumed either by ingestion or inhalation, the cannabinoid THC causes a psychoactive effect on the brain making you feel high.

Throughout history, different strains of cannabis have been cross-bred in order to produce different psychoactive effects and medicinal benefits.

Hemp Products

White Hemp Shirts

Clothing & Accessories

Hemp fabrics are porous, breathable, durable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable! Click here for everything from t-shirts and jeans to shoes and sunglasses.

Jar of hemp hearts

Food & Nutrition

Hemp seeds are one of the most nutritious foods found in nature. They are widely considered as a super-food, due to their high nutritional value—a superior source of protein and contain essential fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6. Click here for everything from seeds to protein powder to flour.

Health & Beauty

Discover the powerful medicinal properties of hemp that have been used since 2737 BC Ancient China. It has a high concentration of Cannabidiol (CBD) and low concentration of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Click here for everything from CBD oil and aromatherapy candles to body lotion and sunscreen.

Pillows on a Bed

Home & Office

The fibers and textiles derived from hemp are highly versatile, and can be used to make a wide variety of sustainable products. Click here for everything from bedding and towels to paper and pens.

And more!

Environmental Impact

One Earth

We are aware of only one planet capable of sustaining life, let alone intelligent life. That planet is Earth, our home, and it is imperative to our survival that we take steps to protect it.

One Earth

As of 2018, there was an estimated 7.7 billion people on Earth. Earth Overshoot Day marks the date when we (all of humanity) has consumed more of the planet's natural resources than it can renew in an entire year. In 2018, it fell on August 1--and each year it comes sooner.
Learn More

Health

The health of our environment is directly connected to our health, and vise-versa. By taking care of our environment and its ecosystem, we ensure a healthy sustainable future for ourselves and generations to come.

Health

Hemp seeds are an excellent source of Omega–3 and Omega-6 and essential amino acids. Our bodies don't produce these nutrients naturally, so incorporating hemp seeds into our diet can have a significant positive effect on our overall health.

One Drop

Individually, we are one drop. Together, we are an ocean. Our individual actions, good or bad, may seem minuscule and irrelevant, but the summation of our individual actions can change our world.

Change The World

We can reach the goal of an economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable future by adopting sustainable products into our everyday lives--but only if we act together.

Bio-degradable

Hemp has many significant environmental benefits. Because it is a natural, renewable resource, hemp products can be recycled, reused and are 100% biodegradable--they are bio-products!

Bio-degradable

Bio-products are sustainable because the hemp used to manufacture the products sequesters carbon dioxide when it grows. Because they are bio-degradable, the carbon dioxide stored in the product returns to the soil. Bio-products are non-toxic, reusable, recyclable, and biodegradable.

Better Alternative

Hemp is a better, sustainable alternative to the raw materials used for many products. Hemp requires less resources and less chemical treatment than other raw materials such as wood and cotton.

Better Alternative

Compared to cotton, hemp uses less water, produces 2.5x more fiber, and is a stronger fiber. Because hemp matures in three to four months, it can produce four times as much paper per acre as trees and doesn't require toxic chemicals.

Bio-fuels

One of the most promising uses of hemp is that it can be turned into an alternative source of clean-burning energy called bio-fuel for our transportation and power needs.

Bio-fuels

Hemp bio-fuels like bio-diesel and ethanol fuel can be used to power our machines where electricity cannot. Bio-fuels can help us transition away from non-sustainable fossil fuels towards fully sustainable means of private, public, and commercial transportation.

Sustainability

Hemp is one of the most environmentally sustainable crops. It naturally resists pests, pushes out weeds, and grows very quickly (three to four months). Additionally, it positively impacts soil quality and supports biodiversity. It is often called a carbon negative raw material.

Sustainability

Nearly every part of the hemp plant can be utilized in some way. Because of its natural resistance to pests, the hemp plant does not require the use of pesticides, herbicides, or fungicides.

All Products

Clothing, accessories, food, supplements, nutrition, medicine, cosmetics, bedding, fuel, and many more. Hemp is used in a wide variety of products and the list continues to grow!

All Products

Hemp is an extremely versatile plant because nearly every part of it can be used in the production of a wide variety of products. Visit our Products page to discover the many uses of hemp!
See all Products

Brief History

Hemp is one of the first and oldest known human agriculture crops dating back to 8000+ BCE, as an archaeological site in the Oki Islands near Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BCE.

Hemp use in crafting was during the Neolithic Age (a.k.a. New Stone Age) in China. Archaeologically dating back to 4000 BCE, hemp fiber imprints were found on Yangshao culture pottery. The Chinese later used hemp to make clothes, shoes, ropes, and an early form of paper. The first use of cannabis as a medicine was by Emperor Shen Neng in 2737 BCE, and the first hemp paper was in 100 BCE.

The classical Greek historian Herodotus (ca. 480 BCE) reported that the inhabitants of Scythia would often inhale the vapors of hemp-seed smoke, both as ritual and for their own pleasurable recreation. It was about this time when hemp was introduced to Northern Europe. The first hemp rope appeared in 200 BCE.

The leaves and flowers in most varieties of the Cannabis plant  contain THC, a chemical with psychoactive properties. However, industrial hemp contains less than 0.3% THC thus cannot induce psychoactive effects.

Cannabis as a whole was banned in North America in the late 1930s as an attempt to control the use of Cannabis as a recreational drug. This negatively impacted industrial hemp and severely stunted the industry, 

Short History of Cannabis” by Off-Grid is licensed under CC BY 3.0

During World War II, farmers were encouraged to grow industrial hemp for the war effort. Hemp For Victory (1942) was an educational video created to help farmers learn how to grow, harvest, and refine hemp so it could be made into vital items such as clothing, rope, and more because industrial fibers imported from overseas were in short supply.

Since then, cultivation of industrial hemp has been recognized as a sustainable agricultural crop and is widely cultivated around the world legally. Today, industrial hemp is used to produce thousands of sustainable products in categories ranging from clothing & apparel, food & nutrition, health & beauty, home goods, construction, pet supplies, and many more!

Video note: In the US, the Farm Bill of 2018 was signed effectively legalizing the cultivation of industrial hemp.

Hemp for Victory” by High Road TV is licensed under Standard YouTube License

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